At present in Historical past, 25/10

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Highlights in history on this date:

1586 – Death sentence is pronounced against Mary Queen of Scots.

1616 – Dutch mariner Dirk Hartog discovers Australia.

1794 – Russia withdraws from war against France.

1874 – Britain annexes Fiji islands.

1909 – Murder of Japan’s Prince Ito by Korean activists leads to Japanese dictatorship in Korea.

1922 – Fascists march on Rome. Italian king nominates Benito Mussolini Prime Minister.

1936 – Germany and Italy form Rome-Berlin Axis.

1938 – Japanese troops take Hankow, and Chinese government establishes itself at Chungking.

1941 – Germany’s first offensive against Moscow in World War II fails.

1951 – Peace talks aimed at ending the Korean Conflict resume in Panmunjom after 63 days.

1956 – Egypt, Jordan and Syria form unified military command.

1961 – Private Eye, the British satirical magazine, is published for the first time.

1962 – Uganda is admitted to the United Nations.

1966 – Indonesia’s former Foreign Minister Subandrio is sentenced to death.

1971 – United Nations seats China and expels Nationalist Chinese.

1974 – Foreign ministers of 19 Arab countries meet in Rabat, Morocco, and vote strong support for PLO.

1988 – Israeli troops shoot and wound nine Palestinians in scattered clashes throughout occupied territories.

1989 – Soviet State Bank announces rouble will be devalued by nearly 90 per cent for tourists and businessmen.

1990 – Evander Holyfield knocks out Buster Douglas in the third round in Las Vegas to become the undisputed heavyweight boxing world champion.

1993 – Israel begins freeing Palestinian prisoners under deal with PLO.

1994 – Twelve killed in Queensland’s worst bus crash, on Brisbane’s Gateway Arterial Road.

1995 – Israeli troops start Israel’s pullout from Jenin, West Bank, the first Palestinian city under the Israel-PLO autonomy agreement.

1998 – Street battles rage in the West Bank between members of Yasser Arafat’s political faction and Palestinian security forces, two days after a peace accord with the Israelis.

1999 – Israel opens a safe passage that allows Palestinians to travel between the West Bank and Gaza Strip.

2000 – The first of 118 bodies are retrieved from bottom of the Barents sea after the Russian nuclear submarine Kursk sank on August 12.

2001 – The US House of Representatives approves legislation that will give law enforcement and intelligence agencies broader powers to investigate suspected terrorists.

2003 – Mikhail Khodorkovsky, Russia’s wealthiest man and head of oil giant YUKOS, is arrested in Siberia facing massive fraud and tax evasion charges.

2005 – Voters approve Iraq’s US-backed constitution in a referendum. Results show that Sunni Arabs, who had sharply opposed the draft document, failed to produce enough “no” votes to defeat it.

2006 – The world’s largest solar power plant in Victoria and a plan to reduce carbon emissions from coal are two projects for which the Australian government pledges funding, to combat global warming.

2008 – Egypt’s first female marriage registrar starts work despite complaints by some conservative clerics that the move is against Islam.

2009 – At least 147 people are killed when a pair of suicide car bombings devastate the heart of Iraq’s capital.

2010 – Afghan President Hamid Karzai acknowledges that he receives millions of dollars in cash from Iran, adding that Washington gives him “bags of money” too because his office lacks funds.

2011 – An intensive round of talks between the United States and North Korea over Pyongyang’s nuclear program ends in Geneva without a deal to resume formal negotiations.

2012 – About 300 potential sexual abuse survivors of the late BBC children’s broadcaster Jimmy Savile come forward, according to authorities.

2013 – The Australian Commonwealth launches a High Court challenge to the ACT’s historic same-sex marriage law. It will be heard on December 3 and 4, before any marriages are able take place.

2014 – Australian Labour Opposition leader Bill Shorten tells the Christian lobby he supports same-sex marriage.

2015 – The stolen four-wheel drive belonging to father-and-son fugitives Gino and Mark Stocco is spotted, pivoting the massive manhunt back to NSW.

2016 – Two men and two women die after a float flips on the Thunder River Rapids ride at Dreamworld, forcing the closure of the popular Queensland theme park.

2017 – China’s president Xi Jinping announces his new leadership team, which is seen as the biggest shake-up in the nation’s politics since the cultural revolution.

Today’s Birthdays:

Georges Bizet, French composer (1838-1875); Pablo Picasso, Spanish artist (1881-1973); Helen Reddy, Australian singer (1941-); Christina Amphlett, lead vocalist of the Divinyls (1960-2013); Chad Smith, US rock musician of Red Hot Chili Peppers (1961-); Matt Shirvington, Australian athlete and TV personality (1978-); Bat for Lashes, British singer (1979-); Katy Perry, American singer (1984-).

Thought for Today:

It is an undoubted truth that the less one has to do, the less time one finds to do it in – Lord Chesterfield, English author and statesman (1694-1773).

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