Highlights in history on this date:
1087 – King William II, son of William the Conqueror, is crowned King of England.
1580 – Francis Drake arrives in Plymouth, England, after sailing The Golden Hind around the world in 33 months.
1687 – The Acropolis in Athens is attacked and badly damaged by the Venetian army trying to eject the Turks.
1820 – Death of Daniel Boone, US frontiersman.
1855 – Australia’s first railway station opens at what is to become Central Station.
1907 – New Zealand becomes self-governing dominion within British Commonwealth.
1918 – Allies launch offensive that eventually breaks Germany’s Hindenburg Line in World War I.
1934 – The British Cunard liner Queen Mary is launched in Clydebank, Scotland.
1937 – US blues singer Bessie Smith dies after a car crash.
1945 – Bela Bartok, Hungarian composer of many orchestral and piano works and the opera Bluebeard’s Castle, dies in New York.
1950 – United Nations forces recapture Seoul, capital of South Korea.
1957 – Leonard Bernstein and Stephen Sondheim’s musical West Side Story opens on Broadway.
1962 – Imam Badr is driven from power in Yemen, ending more than 1000-year dynasty.
1969 – The family comedy series The Brady Bunch premieres on ABC-TV in the US.
1978 – Karol Wojtyla, archbishop of Krakow becomes Pope John Paul II, the first non-Italian pope since 1522.
1980 – In West Germany, 13 people are killed and more than 200 injured in a terrorist bomb blast at the Munich beer festival.
1983 – Australia II wins America’s Cup yachting series off Newport, Rhode Island, the first US loss in 132 years.
1984 – Britain and China sign initial agreement that returns Hong Kong to Chinese rule in 1997.
1986 – Australian film Crocodile Dundee opens in US and takes the country by storm.
1989 – Vietnam withdraws its troops from Cambodia.
1991 – Four men and four women begin a two-year stay inside a sealed-off structure in Oracle, Arizona, called Biosphere Two.
1992 – A Nigerian military transport plane crashes soon after take-off from Lagos, killing all 163 people aboard.
1993 – Eight people emerge from the glass dome of Biosphere Two in the Arizona desert after being sealed inside for two years in an experiment dogged by setbacks and controversy.
1995 – Former prime minister Giulio Andreotti goes on trial in Italy, charged with membership of the Mafia.
1996 – US astronaut Shannon Lucid returns to earth after 188 days in orbit on the Russian space station Mir, longer than any other American and a record for a woman.
1997 – An Indonesian Airbus A300 crashes while approaching Medan Airport in north Sumatra, killing all 234 people aboard.
1999 – A series of explosions rips through a busy shopping area in the central Mexican city of Celaya, killing 61 people and injuring at least 340.
2001 – Belgium hands over Emmanuel Ndindabahizi, a former Rwandan finance minister, to the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda to face charges of involvement in genocide.
2002 – A Senegalese ferry, the Joola, capsizes off the Gambian coast killing about 1860 people with only 64 survivors.
2005 – The Irish Republican Army announces it has fully disarmed, a breakthrough verified by international weapons inspectors who say they watched the secret disarmament.
2008 – The list of products caught in China’s tainted milk scandal grows to include baby cereal in Hong Kong and snack foods in Japan.
2011 – Two thousand years after they were written and decades after they were found in desert caves, some of the world-famous Dead Sea Scrolls go online for the first time.
2015 – Three people are injured in a boat explosion on the Brisbane River at Yeronga.
2016 – US presidential hopefuls Hillary Clinton and Donald Trump go head-to-head in their first televised debate ahead of the November poll.
2017 – A Croatian court has sentenced former Serbian paramilitary commander and Australian citizen Dragan Vasiljkovic 15 years in prison for war crimes in the 1990s.
Ivan Petrovich Pavlov, Russian physiologist and Nobel laureate (1849-1936); T(homas) S(tearns) Eliot, British writer and Nobel laureate (1888-1965); Martin Heidegger, German philosopher (1889-1976); George Gershwin, US songwriter (1898-1937); Leonard Teale, Australian actor (1922-1994); Ian Chappell, Australian cricketer and commentator (1943-); Bryan Ferry, British singer (1945-); Lynn Anderson, US singer (1947-2015); Olivia Newton-John, Australian singer (1948-); Linda Hamilton, US actress (1956-); Steve Moneghetti, Australian marathon runner, (1962-); James Caviezel, American actor (1968-); Serena Williams, US tennis player (1981-).
Thought For Today:
As in the physical world, so in the spiritual world, pain does not last forever – Katherine Mansfield, New Zealand-born author (1888-1923).