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2012-04-27

Zumbi dos Palmares College encourages Afro-Brazilians to study

By Thiago Borges for Infosurhoy.com – 27/04/2012

Opened in 2004 in São Paulo, the institution reserves 50% of its enrollment for people of African descent, who account for only 13% of college students in Brazil.

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Ricardo Henrique Rocha, 19, studies Management at Zumbi dos Palmares College: “Afro-Brazilians are now seeking equal opportunities.” (Thiago Borges for Infosurhoy.com)

Ricardo Henrique Rocha, 19, studies Management at Zumbi dos Palmares College: “Afro-Brazilians are now seeking equal opportunities.” (Thiago Borges for Infosurhoy.com)

SÃO PAULO, Brazil – As the country’s classrooms become gradually more diverse, the debate over racial quotas at public universities has once again reached the Brazilian Supreme Court.

The 10 judges representing the country’s highest court voted unanimously on April 26 that affirmative action based on race is legal.

Though quotas remain a controversial issue in Brazil, the path to a college education is becoming increasingly accessible for Brazilians of African descent.

In 2000, only 2% of university students in Brazil were black, according to the NGO African Brazilian Society for Social Cultural Development (Afrobras), which is working to increase the inclusion of Afro-Brazilians in higher education.

That rate has risen to 13%, according to the Ministry of Education (MEC).

The federal government’s University for All Program (ProUni) provides scholarships in private universities to students with disabilities, as well as indigenous, mixed-race and black students. The number of scholarships awarded is based on percentages of each group within the overall population, using figures from the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE).

“The situation is somewhat different because of ProUni, which made it possible for a lot of people from low-income communities to study at private universities (by granting them scholarships),” says Francisca Rodrigues, the director of communication for the Afrobras. “But the proportion is still very low when you take into account the fact that 51% of the population is black or mixed-race.”

Of the 919,551 scholarships awarded throughout Brazil by ProUni from 2005 to 2011, 35.34% went to students who declared themselves to be mixed race and 12.51% went to students who declared themselves to be black.

In addition, 51 of Brazil’s 123 public institutions of higher education adopted quotas for black students, according to a 2011 study by the Institute for Inclusion in Higher Education and Research titled the “Map of Affirmative Action in Brazil.”

Bills being considered by Brazil’s House of Representatives (PL 3627 of 2004 and PL180 of 2008) seek to reserve enrollment spaces for public school students, particularly black and indigenous students, at all federal institutions of higher education. And PL 6630/2002 mandates grants from the Higher Education Student Financing Fund give absolute priority to Afro-Brazilian and indigenous students.

But before this discussion reached Congress, the directors of Afrobras, which brings together intellectuals, government officials and public personalities, proposed the creation of the Zumbi dos Palmares College.

The idea was presented to the Ministry of Education as a strategy for including Brazilians of African descent in all aspects of society.

In 2003, the MEC authorized the college to operate in the city of São Paulo. The first undergraduate courses were offered the following year: management, law, advertising, education and land transport technology.

In 2013, courses are expected to be offered in human resources technology and financial technology.

As the first college created for people of African descent in Latin America, Zumbi dos Palmares was named after the most important black leader in Brazilian history.

Zumbi dos Palmares led Quilombo dos Palmares – communities of freed and escaped slaves founded in 1580 in northeastern Brazil – when he killed in 1695 after being captured by Portuguese colonizers.

To this day, his name remains a symbol of the struggle for racial equality in Brazil, where slavery was abolished in 1888.

Education for all

Zumbi dos Palmares College may help to reduce the historic educational gap between whites and Brazilians of African descent.

On average, black Brazilians receive 6.2 years of schooling, compared to the 7.2 years received by Brazilians of other races, according to the Observatory of the Black Population, which was created by Zumbi dos Palmares College, together with the Secretariat for Strategic Affairs (SAE) of Brazil’s Office of the President and the Secretariat for Policies to Promote Racial Equality (SEPPIR). Sixty-nine percent of illiterate Brazilians are black.

The low level of schooling is reflecting in the salary gap, as Brazilians of African descent receive an average of R$464 (US$246) monthly, well below the national average of R$640 (US$340).

Of the 16.2 million living below the poverty line in Brazil, 11.5 million are mixed-race or black, according to the IBGE’s 2010 Census.

“We believe that education is the key to allowing people to advance, insert themselves into society and demand their rights,” Rodrigues says.

Freedom of education

Zumbi dos Palmares College was also the first in Brazil to comply with Law 10.639 of 2003, requiring the teaching of Afro-Brazilian history and culture.

In addition to their commitment to diversity in terms of educational content, 50% of the school’s freshmen spots are reserved for people of African descent. Currently, 87% of the school’s 1,800 students declare themselves to be black.

Zumbi dos Palmares College has adopted a several measures to assist Afro-Brazilians who have financial difficulties or insufficient basic educational levels obtain their college degrees:

“Cost was a big part of my decision,” says Tatiana da Silva Barros, a 25-year-old earned her degree in management in 2011 and now works in the legal department at a bank. “By giving us this opportunity, the college encourages other black people to study.”

Students with financial difficulties can apply for scholarships covering 50% or 100% of monthly fees.

Renato Manoel de Souza, 32, is one of the scholarship recipients, as he’s majoring in education and pays for the course by giving capoeira classes three times a week at the college.

Souza, who is the first member of his family to attend college, has already convinced one of his cousins to follow in his footsteps. He also wants to encourage his sister, nephew and neighbors.

This network of positive influences is common at Zumbi College, where eight of 10 candidates applied because they were influenced by students who were already enrolled.

“I feel at home here because everyone shows up tired from work,” says Ricardo Henrique Rocha, a 19-year-old who enrolled after receiving a recommendation from a friend. “The methodology might be the same as it is everywhere else, but the vision of the institution is reflected in the lives of everyone who study here.”

Rocha, who is majoring in management, plans to study advertising after completing his first degree. Once he completes his studies, he hopes to have a career in politics.

Opportunities on the job market

With internship opportunities at companies such as Bradesco, Carrefour, Ford, Nestlé and Mercedes, the college helps its students enter the job market.

Most of the students – 85% – graduate with jobs.

“We’re trying to fix the past, developing people in the present and giving them opportunities for the future,” says Ulisses Mormile, a professor of sociology and philosophy. “We prepare students for society and we give them access to these companies.”

Thiago Pereira Ribeiro, a 28 year-old rapper known as “Thig,” is in his second year of the management program and has already landed an internship at a bank. He says the success of his friends who graduated from Zumbi influenced his decision to enroll at the university, but the sense of belonging was what motivated most.

“Human beings need to identify with their environments,” he says. “That’s why we need black presidents, black celebrities and black TV personalities.”

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86 Comments

  1. laurinda anatolia 09/05/2013

    I love the initiative that you all took. Congratulations. Look, I am also black and my biggest dream is to go to college to study Psychology. Root for me because I'll be there soon with all of you. Best regards, Laurinda

  2. Lao 12/31/2012

    It’s not the ideal situation, everyone knows. But, in a society where the State works to those with more money it may be a temporary "solution". Brazil is prominent in the treatment of AIDS and in combating violence against women - specialized police stations, and comprehensive law on the issue, including rape - just because these problems can reach the more moneyed, since they have more power to pressure the State. So it's time to democratize the citizenship, facilitating the lives of blacks as well.

  3. Jose Carlos Raymundo 11/17/2012

    Glad to hear that the quota system is now a law – for the ill-informed, on an experimental basis for ten years, then it will be reevaluated. In addition, the Zumbi dos Palmares University graduated its first class of quota students in Law. Add to it the great performance of quota students in public universities. Finally Brazil walks in the path of a full democracy, despite the complaints of a resentful elite which will have the only option to put their children in public schools, thus forcing the improvement of the quality of public education in Brazil. Then we can speak of meritocracy indeed.

  4. tab 08/06/2012

    I just loooooove a big black intelligent man \'-\'

  5. Sávio Gil 08/06/2012

    UNCONSTITUTIONAL indeed! If every man is, or should be, equal before the law, both, the quota system and the privileged jurisdiction for the rich, are teratologic proposals. Worse than that, the quota system is "racismogenic" and passes an interesting subliminal message. If the blacks needed a little push to get wherever they want, this would demonstrate that they are inferior and would need help from others to show their real values. And where are the quotas for the indigenous and the yellow? And in this failed Brazilian system of "getting a way around", soon they will suggest quotas for Jewish, Arabs, homosexuals, Visigoths and God knows what else, generating even more segregation in what should be the unique and inseparable: the Brazilian people. And, ignoring the problem, those who want to keep the Brazilians uneducated so to be more easily mastered, will mix the racial problem with the financial problem, creating more confusion, on the false idea that the quota will help the poor, while the quality education is a right of all. Please, sir governors enough of your illusionism. Enough of your juggling. Meritocracy now!

  6. kelly cristine gonçalves ferreira 08/05/2012

    I Kelly Cristine have been bullied in College Pitagoras in the city of Montes Claros, Minas Gerais state, from one of my colleagues; my grades started to worsen and I'm trying to get transferred to another college I’ve been in the college at the beginning of the year to solve this but they didn’t solve it I came back there and was told that only 30 days from then, they are doing everything so I don’t get transferred to another college but they also said I cannot study there; It’s getting complicated and the classes have already started. They are just worsen my situation more than it already is because this morning I have an appointment with the psychologist I ask for help for God’s sake get in touch with me please I need help; since 2010 there’s a doorman who doesn’t let me in to solve my problems, just to start with, not to mention a teacher who said I have vision and hearing problems he humiliated me before all my colleagues; and the college never did and doesn’t do anything unfortunately; once again I ask please help me. Contact phone 0384191512181 thank you hugs and God bless you all.

  7. FRANK RESTON 08/04/2012

    I’d like to suggest a report or interview with actor, director and writer Oscar Calixto. He’s been considered the youngest member of the Brazilian Literature Academy. With some publications, projects for publishing some novels and plays, this young man is entering the national literature history as the youngest artist to occupy a chair in the Literature Academy. If you find it interesting, get in touch with us and we will arrange an interview. We’re providing attached information to the report if you think it’s better; Frank Reston

  8. carlinha 08/03/2012

    you who are not capable of studying like the blacks do not discriminate against race because you’re nothing but a senseless white we’re equal before God God has made us all from one rib if you’re not capable that’s your problem thank you

  9. augusto barbosa 07/30/2012

    Good night I thank the person or team that published this report I am a law student and it’s great to know that there is still people who not only think in their neighbors but also make people’s dreams become true through this College Zumbi dos Palmares congratulations to you deacons, teachers, students, much success to all. In regard to inclusion of blacks into the university it also refers that blacks didn’t come to this country as tourists, as legal immigrants, as Ambassador of countries that are at war, and have come to Brazil to see if the lands are good, to see if the people that comes here are well set, and if the country is what it is today thanks to God and that authorities who saw the blacks growing with Brazil, how many lashes they have suffered, have been through it all and did not surrendered warriors, braves who love the white, the yellow, the brunette, who love them all. Who knows I’ll do the graduation or master's degree at College Zumbi, the white princes of the past did the right thing because they didn’t want to see anyone sitting in a powder barrel and abolished slavery and saw the riches of Brazil end and again the blacks are building as they always did with no penny in their pockets, hugs.

  10. adalberto 07/29/2012

    Forgive me. I think discrimination is crystal clear “there”. In this initiative that leaves the college just for them. Because if they leave us all together it would be less outrageous and less painful, we could enjoy a common good in the same classroom, I really love people regardless of race or color. “The fight for racial equality” has been unfolding since slavery times, congratulations to those who planned and had this initiative but I believe that we’re all equal and brothers in Christ Jesus. Let’s wake up. No distinction, we’re all equal we have the same rights.

  11. Helio Rosa 07/23/2012

    QUESTION WITH NO ANSWER – I ask the Brazilian media in general when there shall be integration African Brazilians working in communication channels. They talk so much about integration but do not apply it in their facilities. The same thing happens in private colleges, there are no black teachers. Also with the African Brazilian colleagues is the same thing. Let’s stop being cynic and show the national reality of this beautiful word integration, but unfortunately it doesn’t happen.

  12. Wolder de Andrade Lessa 07/22/2012

    Hi, me and my family are big fans of news program JN we watch it every day we’re home and would like you to report on the famous Parnaíba River here in Floriano, Piauí state which is one of the riches Piauí possesses and is being polluted with sewage from hospitals since our current governor has no power to take action on this. This water is captured by Piauí’s AGEPISA for human consumption please send “JN no Ar” here please.

  13. rafaela 07/22/2012

    Nina was screwed up but now it’s Carminha’s turn

  14. marjori estiano 07/19/2012

    beautiful

  15. Adauto Dantas 07/18/2012

    I Adauto Dantas resident at Primeira TV do Coroado 22, in Paramirim, São Francisco do Conde, Bahia state, come hereby to express my indignation, because I’ve bought a digital book through PagSeguro for contests, since 5/23/2012 I’ve paid the bill and so far I haven’t received any news, and the information I had was that I’d receive the item within fifteen days, is this a misleading advertising? such a nonsense for a very low price. I look forward to actions the purchase code is: 495c799A-30B8-4EE4-89F5-02202FD7F94F

  16. Claudionor Gonçalves da Silva 07/17/2012

    I am not in favor of the quotas policy in Brazil, be it directed to any social class, blacks are black and will never be whites, whites are whites and will never be blacks. That’s it, quotas for what? to encourage stupidity! Elevate by force those who are not qualified by means of quotas. This is absurd! I see the quotas as policy for creating stupid people. Brazilian policy is contaminated with so much stupidity, illiterate municipal councilors talking about quotas, illiterate congress people agreeing with this irresponsibility and I say more even the Presidency of the Republic is involved in this nonsense. Brazil's debt is with the elderly, the old people who haven’t had the opportunity and the right to go to school, not with blacks! And I think the biggest abolitionists such as Rui Barbosa, Castro Alves, Joaquim Nabuco were not black and loved the cause. Being black for you others should be an honor! And, stop this silliness of such discrimination with yourselves. A strong hug to all blacks and whites in my country, we are all brothers! Once again, we are all capable and I say no to quotas.

  17. Idneai dos Santos Silva 07/17/2012

    I, Idneia, am brown and have studied at Educafro in Rio Pequeno, I’m African descendent and underprivileged Benedictine I never had the chance to go to a public college nor private, today I see myself unemployed on the second year of Education working myself to the bone to not quit college I’m already 50 years old and everything is hard in this land. you have to fight hard but never give up, I live in Taboão da Serra. If anyone wishes to get in touch just with my e-mail. house 41395818 whoever reads this be with God

  18. raul 07/17/2012

    We’re all equal and capable because this discrimination among blacks, browns, whites and Indians if you’re one of them go search for your dreams and don’t wait for officials to provide you and never get discouraged since the sun rises to all but the shade is for those who never give up their dreams.

  19. ednaldo sampaio 07/16/2012

    my beautiful and beloved city of Penedo, my homeland that fascinates

  20. cristian 07/14/2012

    only the blacks have free scholarship? how about the poor white?

  21. deize 07/13/2012

    This is very important in Brazil, thanks for your attention.

  22. Moyses Nunes 07/12/2012

    Therefore, with such political casuistry of quotas in colleges, let’s be fair with all who helped and help our dear continental country, I’m in favor of quotas to every other race also, Japanese, Italian, English, American, Indians, browns, blacks, mulattos, yellows, etc… AM I RIGHT?

  23. sergio pedrosa nolasco 07/10/2012

    Brazil is a mixture of races, you can’t determine which one of them can or cannot in a federal college, for not discriminating the race we could determine that the best public schools take part in a test created by institutions overseen by the federal government. Those who put numbers on people are discriminating themselves. White, brown, Indian, black, albino or naturalized foreigners, they’re all Brazilians with no discrimination. this is a race.

  24. hellen 07/10/2012

    I want to know about the drugged-out because I was not home on the day it was aired a kiss…………

  25. candido mesquita 07/10/2012

    I looooooooove it…

  26. carlo meloni 07/09/2012

    I’m against the quotas since the people not favored by it will start hating the blacks.

  27. jorge apaprecido almeida 07/06/2012

    nice

  28. maria josé dos Santos 07/06/2012

    I’ve graduated since it was my biggest dream but after working for 20 years in the educational field I was fired, don’t I have my rights I’m killing myself studying to pass in the general board contest since I want to do my doctorate

  29. Rozalvo R dos Santos 07/04/2012

    The point is not the skin color, the biggest problem is to stick in the heads of some who are unaware that we’re all the same, we live on the same planet and have one only creator “Jesus”.

  30. penha rodrgues 07/02/2012

    this is racism

  31. Mario Tsuchiya 07/01/2012

    This quota thing is such a hypocrisy. I’ve heard of a case of a white candidate who got a 8.6 grade and couldn’t enter university in favor of a black one who got a 7.9 grade due to the hypocrite law of quotas. This is social injustice. Where is the racial equality. In the industry I work in (engineering and projects for developing products), in a world of 2,500 professionals only 5 or 6 are black. Why? These professionals show indeed that we’re all equal and when you want, you can get it.

  32. DAMIAO MARCOS FAGUNDES 06/29/2012

    I’M IN FAVOR OF QUOTAS, THAT WOULD ENCOURAGE THOSE WHO CAN’T PAY…

  33. natal 06/29/2012

    The quotas shall be needed while there are more blacks in prisons, in prostitution, in low-paid jobs, in hospitals, in slums, in secondary roles in soap operas and movies and while there are less blacks in receptions, in leadership positions, in elective positions, in judiciary, in church, etc. Quotas shall be needed while there are derogatory expressions such as black humor, black’s duty, black sheep, he’s black but he’s cool, black period, black destiny, I want a white’s job, if you see me with black people, it’s a fight, if you see me with a black woman, I just want “that”, there’s no racism in Brazil, etc.

  34. leo cursio 06/27/2012

    The American President is black, the richest woman is black, the best player in the world is black, the two best tennis players and the golf player are black, the best actors are black… so why such quotas for blacks????????

  35. claudia.s.bezerra 06/27/2012

    I’VE GRADUATED, PAID FOR MY COLLEGE WITH MUCH DIFFICULTY AND DIDN’T NEED ANY QUOTA, WHEN YOU ARE DETERMINED AND BOLD YOU GET IT, BUT I THINK THE GOVERNMENT SHOULD CREATE INCENTIVES FOR PEOPLE TO ACCESS UNIVERSITIES IN GOOD CONDITIONS AND INSTEAD OF HOLDING THE WORLD CUP THEY SHOULD PRIORITIZE THE STUDY AND EDUCATION IN THE COUNTRY WHICH ARE THE TRANSFORMATIONAL BALL OF A COUNTRY.

  36. lailsongomes mello 06/27/2012

    blacks and whites are all the same!!!!

  37. Alexandre Mota 06/25/2012

    Quotas for blacks in colleges, colleges for blacks only, as time passes by we’ll also have industries for blacks, neighborhoods and that Brazil, not BRAZIL BUT Brazil that climbs up and down the ramp of the government palace will say we’re living the true democracy. JESUS COME DOWN HERE QUICKLY.

  38. Jose dias da penha 06/22/2012

    As for being prejudicial, I’m not since my family is mixed and my daughter didn’t pulled my color, it would be hard for my family to see a comment about prejudice since it's also a crime white or black the rights are the same, I have a poem released by Crisalis Publisher a compilation, the POEM IS CALLED AIMLESSLY AND PEACEFUL PLEASE IF ANYONE HAS PARTICIPATED IN THIS COMPILATION CONTACT ME IT WAS LAUNCHED BY THE PUBLISHER AT THE TIME OF THIS GREAT WRITER PAULO COELHO, EVERYONE WHO READ FOUND IT VERY COOL IT WOULD BE GREAT IF IT WAS DISCLOSED HERE, ONLY POETRY HAS MY PURE PERMISSION. BUT LET'S GET INTO I'M A COMPUTER TRAINER, OFTEN TIMES I OFFERED SCHOLARSHIP FOR FREE OR FOR HALF TO MY COMMUNITY, NOBODY ACCEPTED, OTHER PEOPLE WOULD COME TO STUDY AND WOULD PAY ME, NORMALLY, OF COURSE THEY WANT QUALITY AND THAT I HAVE, IT WOULD BE SHAMELESS TO SPEAK OF COLOR OR ANY TYPE OF SHAPES. BUT THIS DOES NOT PREVENT ME TO MAKE A COMPARISON, THE BLACKS WILL NEVER REACH THE LEVELS OF WHITE, SINCE THEY WORKED FOR MORE THAN THREE HUNDRED YEARS FOR FREE AND WERE MARKED WITH IRON, WITHOUT ANY TYPE OF AID AND HEALTH, WE CAN NEVER MAKE THIS COMPARISON, TO FINISH GOD LEFT ON EARTH, THAT ALL MEN MUST WORK AND DRINK FROM THEIR OWN SWEAT. IT WAS GOD WHO SAID, THOSE DID NOT UNDERSTAND THE SACRED WORD AND FOR THIS OF FORGIVENESS, ANOTHER SACRED PHRASE IS LOVE THY NEIGHBOR AS THYSELF. DO JUSTICE NOW IS A RIGHT FOR THOSE WHO LOVE GOD ABOVE ALL, SORRY IT WAS A COWARD ACT AND MANY PEOPLE HAVE ASKED FOR FORGIVENESS. I LOVE THE PERSONS WHO ARE ALWAYS WITH ME. THEY ARE JUST GREAT AND DESERVE MY RESPECT, AND MANY PEOPLE WHO OPENED DOORS FOR ME AT THE UNIVERSITY, NATIONAL LIBRARY. THIS IS ALL

  39. pamela francisca de jesus 06/20/2012

    my street is a shame and all dark I live in Queimados, Caixa d’Água mountain, come help us

  40. Marcos Aquino 06/20/2012

    I WON’T ISSUE ANY MORE COMMENTS ON THIS SITE. IT’S OBVIOUS YOU CENSOR SERIOUS COMMENTS BECAUSE OF THE CONTENT AGAINST YOUR BLACK RACISM. IT’S NO ACCIDENT THAT THE READERS’ RATE FOR THIS RACIST ARTICLE AND YOU IS 4.2. Congratulations readers!

  41. Carlos pinheiro 06/20/2012

    God created the world and made us to his resemblance. Therefore there is no such thing as black, white, brown or mixed. We’re all equal similar to GOD. We just ignore Moses’ law (The Ten Commandments) Nice day

  42. Elayne Hosana 06/19/2012

    Hello “Jornal Nacional”!!! I’d like you to make a report on drugs and child sexual abuse on the streets. Big kiss I’m your fan!!!!

  43. Marcos Aquino 06/19/2012

    I’ve sent two serious comments on this racial quotas thing in Brazil yesterday. The last one I mention the country’s military as an example that Brazil doesn’t need those quotas. The comments were not published. Where did they go to? Does censorship here also affects content??

  44. Marcos Aquino 06/18/2012

    The greatest example that shows the Brazilian black never needed racial or special quotas to graduate is in the BRAZILIAN MILITARY. Every year, the blacks study and become corporals, sergeants and officers of the armed forces without support from any special law for them. They study just like any white military and become military graduates with no problem. It’s been so for decades. I do not know the military statistics, but I know that the number of blacks and mulattoes who graduate is high, perhaps the highest in Brazilian education. In the military there aren’t quotas and privileges for whites or blacks. Its members are only promoted for pure physical and intellectual worthiness. It’s also common Indians and their descendants serving the military in the Amazon, Mato Grosso state and in other states of central and northern Brazil. May this serve as an example against these racial quotas that the bunch of politicians in Brasília stuck down Brazil’s throat

  45. Vânia Diniz 06/18/2012

    It is sad that in Brazil a large number of people continue and want to continue in the obscurantism of the process of enslavement of African people in Brazil. We know that the ruling classes manipulated the official history but until when will we be happy with so many contradictions and guesses? The time for us to want to continue to be blind is gone. We're not talking about individual issues. We're talking about a Brazilian reality that didn’t extend the citizenship to those who were enslaved, when they were legally freed and consequently, thrown mostly on the street. We're talking about the country's debt to those who built much of the wealth of this and many European countries and as compensation were prevented access to work in the nascent industry; since the vacancies for the coffee cultivation industry were reserved and sustained by the State to the European immigrants who’ve "whitened" the Brazilian population. A position taken by the Brazilian State as an alternative to Europeanize and to whiten our people. This was one more action to which the "freedmen" were submitted. Left to its own devices, the black population is literally thrown on the streets. Let's study a bit more folks so to know what is being repaired and let’s not talk nonsense and show total unknowledge of our history.

  46. Marcos Aquino 06/18/2012

    I never thought I'd see racism in Brazil as it is today the black racism inserted by a bunch of politicians from Brasília and their racist laws of quotas. The Brazilian black doesn’t need special law of quotas to study, graduate or move up in life. The Brazilian black needs decent wages (NOT THE MISERABLE MINIMUM WAGE) as the poor whites and mixed also need in the country. The bunch from Brasília still used the poor Indians as SHIELDS alongside blacks in those racist laws TO PROMOTE AND JUSTIFY THEM. The Indians barely have simple houses to live in. Many of them still live almost naked in huts and go to colleges? Now they will create laws for buses for blacks, bathrooms for blacks, clubs for blacks. Also, they could change the name of Brazil to the United States of the 60’s. These law of quotas is a shame.

  47. [email protected] 06/18/2012

    I’m not in favor of quotas since education is a right of all, regardless the color or financial status, this practice may end up hurting Brazilian customs for Brazil is a country where whoever comes in feels comfortable. I believe there are other obstacles for the governors to take feasible decisions. I’m African descent and have been to college.

  48. C.S.L 06/17/2012

    Dear friends, I would like to leave here my opinion on the matter. I am not in favor of a University only for blacks, but am in favor of the quotas. I am black and social worker and started studying when I was 18 years old, not because I had no interest, but because I spent all my childhood and adolescence working cutting sugar cane for farmers in the Transamazon Highway, because my father left my mother with 10 children. This talk that we’re all capable is silly talk. Yes we are intellectually capable but we know that in the current system, nobody will reach anything if you don’t have the financial means. We know the blacks will be left behind in terms of education because while the children of white “colonels” went study abroad, the blacks were working in plantations to ensure their graduation and the result is what we see today this alarming inequality between whites and blacks. In face of what all blacks and African descendants have been through, I’m in favor of quotas indeed, until this country can bring closer the equality among classes. We don’t want blacks to be equal to whites but that they have conditions to live and raise their children decently, and this is only possible through education. I know many blacks who’ve tried but gave up due to their financial situation. It’s known that many fail to compete equally in the entrance exam for public colleges, because they studied in public schools with education of very bad quality and in many cases the EJA as was mine. How can we compete with candidates who had basic education in the best private schools and then will compete in public colleges. Before the quotas, the public colleges were only for the rich, and many of them whites

  49. Claudyr Ramos 06/15/2012

    I am 58 years old I have contributed for Social Security for 33 years and 5 months. Currently, I can’t perform my duties I’m quite inactive, I’m a professional driver I had health problems, I was on a paid leave but they cancelled it. I can’t perform my duties, please someone help me INSS (Brazilian Social Security) is a very controversial institute, help me please, I Claudyr, Brazilian with much honor

  50. ana luiza lube 06/14/2012

    I liked it a lot and used it to do my science homework, I love the site…

  51. [email protected] 06/13/2012

    Many have criticized the actions taken by the Government regarding the struggle for racial equality in Brazil. It’s obvious that black people have suffered and unfortunately still suffer with racial discrimination, it’s decades of suffering and as an example we have data that show that the vast majority of the country’s poor are black. Actually it's time to try to fix the past and prioritize a special attention from the Government side, giving more dignity and opportunity to our wonderful brothers and fighters for their rights! May we unite and fight this sad reality, may more rights be given to these people, and in a short time we can have better data in respect of better living conditions and equality before any individual, be it black, white, brown, yellow, as we all are equal and nothing sets us apart, we have the same rights, we are human beings, with the same needs, we have feelings and primordial wishes for our own existence, we want life, respect, dignity!! Nothing sets us apart!!!

  52. verônica lima dos santos 06/13/2012

    I loved the idea since everyone has the same rights, we are all citizens, since each one of us must respect whatever opinions the decision shall be made. Verônica Lima dos Santos 2012-13-0621:32

  53. dede 06/12/2012

    I’m totally sure blacks and whites are all the same and the rights shall be equal to all, so whoever has prejudice or is racist is a fool for me, for me being racist to other human beings is worth nothing since for God we’re all brothers.

  54. Carlos Roberto Aguiar 06/12/2012

    Excuse me my brothers, but we must stop the mediocrity, we live in a democratic society if such can be said. The society demands a lot on this. No matter what color of skin or race, people are what they show to be, for how they’re raised from cradle, for their efforts to become someone, for the respect to the neighbor, as well as to set limits for others to respect yours. We should not depend on quotas to ensure a space in our society but to roll up the sleeves and go conquer your space with respect and determination. I am not the owner of the truth but I have an example of this in my family including me. I may not make a lot of people happy but the reality is hard. Thanks for publishing my opinion.

  55. Maria Auxiliadora Ramos Pereira de Lucena 06/12/2012

    I don't think it’s right to have a college for blacks only and also to be forced to study the African culture based on the equality between the races. This creates a separatism and a supremacy of the black race over the other many races that exist in Brazil. My maternal grandfather was caboclo, his wife was daughter of Portuguese with white skin. I have green eyes and no one considers me brown. How could I claim a quota? I don’t agree with the quotas. I think they take away the right of those who’ve achieved higher grades but are not black or brown, because they even forget the Indians. I am the granddaughter of Indians by my father’s side, and it disgust me to see that those still living in tribes are increasingly losing their rights to their lands and are starving because they don't have where to hunt or fish. They advance increasingly on their land, they invade it with dams, their rights are taken away and it seems they’re ETs, nobody cares or defend them, nor value the true owners of the Brazilian land. The Portuguese were the attacker and took our gold that's still all in Portugal and no one returned it, and we still call it "brother country". Unfortunately they had the terrible idea to steal the black people from Africa and did so much harm to their ancestors. This stain is terrible, but they forget that the Indians were also called "blacks", because the skin was much darker compared to that of the Portuguese. They killed more Indians because they rose up more, were more rebels, they were closer to their families and were grouped and knew the lands here, because they were natives, of course. I don’t even like to speak of FUNAI because I think if it didn’t exist it would be better for the Indians. I better not comment what I think of it. I think it’s very dangerous to separate people for their color. Have you ever thought if the Nazis create a university

  56. carlo meloni 06/11/2012

    It’s such a fool idea to force someone to like someone else. Racial integration shall be exerted by other means with love and respect. How? These colleges should work on graduating many black teachers. The students always keep respect and affection for those who’ve taught them to move ahead in life ETC ETC

  57. Manuel Saquenga 06/10/2012

    We devaluated our color not the white, on the contrary they value us

  58. Paulo 06/09/2012

    "The worst blind man is the one who doesn’t want to see" and, unfortunately, our country is full of this kind of blind that claim not seeing racism and by the same token deny their African roots. The “non-African descent are rare in our country. They get tired of looking at themselves in the mirror and don’t notice (or prefer not to notice) the flat nose, the burnet skin (a racial mixture sign), curly hair, fleshy lips. It’s really a shame not to notice the unique characteristics that make us so cute, this is precisely the sum of contributions from various races that make up the "Brazilian race". We must assume our blackness so when we see ourselves as we really are, like the rest of the world sees us, we can recover our “vision”, have a single identity and be proud for what we really are. We are therefore putting into everlasting disuse the shameful word "racism" and we won't need the quotas anymore, because we all will have equal social opportunities.

  59. Luiz Eduardo 06/09/2012

    I am against racial quotas, because they only increase segregation, now in the intellectual field, too. I think it would better the social quota with focus on financial gains. The lower the income of a family, the higher should be their integration in schools and colleges. I hate racism and I hate racist people, but when it comes to racism we must not forget that white people who want to join the Ilê aiê in Bahia they have to walk behind the blacks at the end of the parade. We need to stop with the racial militant hypocrisy of neo fascism. I love ZUMBÍ (great warrior), but I prefer MARTIN LUTHER KING listening to the song (Wonderful World) of LOUIS ARMSTRONG. Fascists, genocides, murderers and the like, they assume many colors and shades; they can't fool us!!!

  60. 06/08/2012

    No, I don’t agree this measure to create a university almost exclusive for blacks is the solution for racism. I believe that blacks as well as whites, Indians and other races, are able to join federal public, and private universities. Because nothing diminishes the capability of black people, except their own self-esteem that makes them think and feel inferior. This measure only underestimates the capacity of black people. So black folks move ahead, show you are capable as much as the white, study, fight, wish and conquer, you are capable. I am indigenous but I don’t support this thing of vacancy reservation for our people: equal rights - duty to study we all have, as well as capacity.

  61. Vaner Jose Fellippe 06/08/2012

    we live in a society being cheated by the media. Would you like to see an example: television shows such as reality shows how many blacks are invited, how many blacks got to the end. In a country where more than 51% are black, MULATTOS, BROWNS. How many BLACK actors in soap operas do we have? Main actors who are BLACK DO WE HAVE? How many MINISTERS, SENATORS, CONGRESSMEN, not because they DON’T have the CAPACITY, it’s because THEY ARE BLACK. The lowest wages of the country are paid to women and blacks. STILL THERE’S OUR VEILED RACISM... Many claim they are not racist because they have black friends, they enjoy Carnival, dance samba, play ball together. This is how the blacks are welcome, but to be part of his family, no way. THERE ARE ALSO PEOPLE WHO SAY THERE SHOULD NOT HAVE QUOTAS IN UNIVERSITIES. THOSE WHO THINK SO ARE FULLY ALIENATED. WE DO HAVE THAT RIGHT. IT TOOK US YEARS TO GET A PLACE IN THE SUN. I’M OUTRAGED BY THE TELEVISION NETWORKS. WITH SUCH PERVERSE AND FILTHY MEDIA THAT UNINTENTIONALLY (QUOTES) REPUDIATES THE PRESENCE OF BLACK PEOPLE IN THEIR PROGRAMS. WHY CAN’T YOU SEE A BLACK PROGRAMMER? BECAUSE THEY’RE BLACK… BLESSED IS THE NATION WHOSE GOD IS THE LORD… HUGS SEE YOU…

  62. josé gonçalo de jesus 06/08/2012

    quotas for blacks in colleges the biggest humiliation this country has. Is it that we blacks cannot do an entrance exam and pass all other candidates. My family is African and Indian descent, we are proud to say that all have studied, graduated, \\UFMT-EU\\Geography, other siblings, colleges in Belém and Goiânia, agronomy, Imbel-Rj, engineering and armaments, another in Brasília, indigenous study without needing quotas for blacks. this must stop, it is humiliating to say \\; you entered college thanks to the quotas.

  63. Elisangela 06/07/2012

    I believe it’s a polite form to not have blacks and whites in the same classroom, as it was in the past with the slaves. it’s a never ending fight since it remains hidden deep inside those who have it that you only notices when you come into a classroom and see a black person coming in too.

  64. jose ant 06/06/2012

    I was very happy for your victory and so I’m inviting you to become friends of my page you can add me if you want [email protected] it will be a pleasure to get to know you

  65. christiane desiderio 06/05/2012

    if there was no racism, that word wouldn't exist neither, nor colleges, or nothing like that, and all these would be as it should be, natural, simple and obvious, we're all human beings no matter the race, religion, nationality, we love the ones we want but we're obliged to respect, I don't know the word race but the word human being.

  66. ANA MARGARIDA PEREIRA DOS SANTOS 06/05/2012

    I UNDERSTAND THAT, WITH THE CREATION OF COLLEGE ZUMBI DOS PALMARES, THEY FIX THE ERROR COMMITTED AGAINST THE BLACKS, WHO ARRIVED IN BRAZIL, ON THE BEGINING OF OUR HISTORY.THERE WAS NO INTEREST THAT BLACKS WERE EMANCIPATED. TODAY COLLEGE ZUMBI DOS PALMARES IS A REALITY. ANA MARGARIDA PEREIRA DOS SANTOS.R.J. 6/5/2012

  67. elisabete 06/04/2012

    I don’t see the quotas as racism, my husband is black and finished college last year, I think the quotas are a way to make it up for the past when blacks had no chance or conditions to study, they should study like everyone else anyways. And also pass in the entrance exam..

  68. Aracele Mesquita 06/04/2012

    Unfortunately, many people contribute to racism each time they insist on saying there is no racism. This is one of the main barriers faced in the fight against racial prejudice.

  69. roberto 06/03/2012

    Man was made to the resemblance of GOD, races, colors, it doesn’t matter, we are all equal before HIM. Don’t forget you corrupted politicians and children of the devil, that the black race was forced to come to our country, under the condition of slaves and are responsible for the development of our country. I pray to God to have mercy of the Portuguese for the disgrace they caused to such suffering race. The least that our honest politicians should do is provide equality to all Brazilians and to severely punish the miserable racists in our country. The elections are coming vote only for those who defend your rights, make a difference. Hugs to my African brothers.

  70. israel 06/02/2012

    This idea of creating an university for blacks and stipulate quota for blacks is actually a big humiliation, as if most blacks were inert. Is a white really smarter than blacks? I'm black and I studied and graduated or saying it better together with elements of all colors, I was never discriminated but well liked by whites and blacks but I was among them treated differently even by teachers that I used my name to give an example to my colleagues and even when we had teamwork my colleagues would soon chose. You know why? This happened because I was dedicated and studied and my mind looked like a computer memory, what black people really need is to come together and study to the point of competing with any black or white, dedicate yourselves since in the university for blacks the education won't be different I’ve been through one and I know, if you blacks are thinking that it would be easier in that university, you're wrong because for you unintelligent blacks who keep demoralizing yourselves with that racism thing, try and think and endeavor to become intelligent since the color does not make anyone better or worse. I’m black and I'm happy to be but with a difference, with reasoning and I'm intelligent and I won’t let myself be taken by political illusions that keep encouraging racism in Brazil and the worse is most blacks accept being underestimated by politicians who want to promote themselves on them and I’m even embarrassed to see so many people trying to show off at the cost of the blacks. Blacks try and study and don't accept bread crumbs from the powerful and sagacious who keep spreading utopia. Wake up be black in the color and not in intelligence.

  71. fracisco marques de sousa 06/02/2012

    THERE’S NO OTHER WAY, FOR THE PERSON TO BE COMPETENT IT DOESN’T MATTER IF YOU’RE BLUE, BLACK OR WHITE, I'VE NEVER HEARD THAT “IN SUCH SCHOOL” THE BLACKS COULDN’T STUDY. NOW, IF A BIG PART OF THEM WOULD RATHER DO NOTHING WE’RE NOT THE ONES TO BE BLAMED, AND THEY STILL POSE AS VICTIMS SO TO ATTRIBUTE THE OTHERS THEIR OWN BLAME.

  72. expedita andrade 06/01/2012

    I'm happy with this door opened by you, people like us, sons of the same nation, congratulations.

  73. simone de lara mendonca zanchi 05/31/2012

    that’s it, everyone has the right to study, work… there’s no racism for me, it’s just the way many people express themselves, that is it depends on their education.

  74. Paulo Roberto da Cruz 05/31/2012

    I want to comment on that Dubai report. I’d like to invite the São Paulo neighborhoods thieves and those from the entire Brazil who terrorize people on shops to go to Dubai and try to steal something in their shops. If you don’t get your hands cut, at least you’ll get life sentence. They don’t go unpunished there like here in Brazil.

  75. antonio carlos santana 05/30/2012

    a country that calls itself free should not have a quota system for blacks, but the country that has these quotas is or is not racist, but the society is blind, deaf and mute.

  76. robson trindade 05/30/2012

    if everyone fights for their own ideals we can make this country a great nation that’s it black race let's move on this long journey we are all equal before the law, none’s ability is measured by their color, race or nationality unfortunately in our country this happens I'm glad projects like this are already working and are not transiting around and never become effective as we are tired to see and meanwhile our race is at the mercy of some people who deem themselves as very important disregarding our people's success, go College Zumbi dos Palmares, go black race, go Brazil!!!!

  77. luana 05/29/2012

    The Zumbi (university) is so cool +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

  78. maria regina vieira 05/28/2012

    I’m happy, I see it as a symbol of racial equality, after all we’re all Brazilians sons of the same beloved nation Brazil

  79. joão neto 05/28/2012

    In a country where more than half of the people are black, I don't think it’s fair to have the color selection standard, you know racism comes from the blacks themselves (my brother-in-law is married to a white woman) and what about Pelé? I don't see any union among blacks, one wants to show off more than the other! for example: the bouncers are mostly blacks why? let's quit that pity on black people (oh poor things) in Brazil everyone is equal, there’s no such thing like prejudice! prejudice is more social than racial!!! this country was always the country of the rich! the poor keeps insisting on living!!! hugs.

  80. Deyse 05/28/2012

    I don’t believe that creating a selective university for blacks will solve the problem of racial inequality in our country. I am a public university student and black and have no doubts, that us blacks we have all the abilities to compete equally for vacancies in good universities, the quota system, in my view, only increases even more the racial segregation that remains veiled in Brazil.

  81. rita de lisieux nunes pessanha 05/26/2012

    how to subscribe to distance learning?

  82. Antonio Sousa 05/22/2012

    Let’s segregate education, this is the solution for the problem, invert the roles, one university where only African descents can study, I think the entire brazil has the right since it’s an African descent country or am I mistaken, answer me. Thanks.

  83. amarildo santana 05/14/2012

    Such news makes me excited since we black are so capable (able) to learn as anyone else, whatever color they are.

  84. nubia 05/10/2012

    counter-professionalism programs for the underprivileged black should be available already in the municipalities of Bahia state, where you have to pay an average of one thousand Reals to get your driver’s license, how can an unemployed person get it, being a driver is also a profession, free schools and courses, teaching to be a painter, plumber, music schools, cabinetmaker and so many other courses

  85. silvana santos cadorso 05/06/2012

    I’m very happy to read such history of great opportunity for the black people because they’re so special to Brazil, mainly those illiterate because they deserve a chance to be someone in the national market.

  86. José Ventura Ribeiro 05/03/2012

    I’m proud of Zumbi dos Palmares College’s methodology that reserves 50% of its vacancies to black people, respecting the ethnic ratio of Brazil’s population, which is 51% for blacks and browns. Also when it adopts Law 10.639/2003 in its educational grid. This is an important step for the black population to reach its intellectual maturity and recover its so low self esteem. This college should open branches in other Brazilian states, such as Porto Alegre where blacks are very politicized. A hug.

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