Climate change could revive the plague in LA by helping rat populations thrive, experts warn – Science News

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As if the specter of droughts, floods, and dwindling resources wasn’t scary enough, a new book details how the a rapidly changing climate is putting Los Angeles, the second biggest city in the U.S., at unique risk of a deadly outbreak of bubonic plague.

In a report published in the LA Times, journalist and author David K. Randall’s breaks down how climate change creates a perfect storm for some of the key factors behind outbreaks of the plague. 

Randall recently released a book titled ‘Black Death at the Golden Gate: The Race to Save America from the Bubonic Plague.’

Among the ripple effects of a rapidly changing climate, says Randall, are warmer temperatures which for some species will spell disaster. 

For others, however, like rats, fairer climates mean longer active breeding periods.

‘Longer, hotter weather patterns are extending the breeding season of rats and rodents, leading to a steep increase in their numbers in places like Los Angeles, New York and Houston,’ wrote Randall in the op-ed for the LA Times. 

Citing one of the world’s leading authorities on rats, Robert Corrigan, who holds a doctorate in urban rodentology from Purdue University and has been profiled by the New Yorker, Randall says urban rat populations have increased 15 to 20 percent globally. 

In addition to more conducive weather, a higher preference towards urban living has increased food supplies — namely trash — for city-dwelling rodents.

According to the UN, an overwhelming 68 percent of humans worldwide are expected to live in urban environments by 2050.

Those rats, explains Randall, could be the linchpin in a potential dangerous situation, as they tend to harbor fleas containing bubonic plague bacterium.

‘Any climate change conditions that increase the number of fleas [also increase]the distribution of plague,’ said Dr. Janet Foley, a professor of medicine and epidemiology at UC Davis in Randall’s report.

The situation Randall outlines in the report would apply to almost every metropolis across the globe, but according to him, Los Angeles is in a particularly harrowing position due to one key factor: homeless populations.

According to a previous report from the LA Times, homeless populations have boomed in the last several years, rising by about 39 percent since 2014 to 53,000 people in 2019.

Those people, who often live in close proximity to fleas and rats, could be the first to be affected says Randall, and from there the disease could spread.

While it may seem outlandish that the world is still at risk of another outbreak of Bubonic plague, the impact of climate change has been noted by other modern studies.

Last year, researchers published a report in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences that links a change in climate and rat populations to the incidence and spread of the plague in Europe.

The world’s most dangerous occurrence of bubonic plague, the Black Death, and one of the most devastating pandemics ever recorded occurred in the mid 1300’s and was responsible for killing as many as 200 million people across Europe, Asia, and Africa. 

To help mitigate the problem, experts interviewed by Randall say that cities can begin to pointedly reduce rat populations, especially since humans have also worked to stifle the amount of predators like snakes and coyotes who keep rodent numbers in check.

‘It goes against our modern sensibilities, but there is nothing else to keep their populations bound,’  said

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