Plant-based diet plans like the Mediterranean diet reduce heart disease risk by nearly 20%, according to recent research.
The experts at the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health reported that people who followed the Mediterranean diet, Greek and Italian cuisine-based fight-and plant-based meals, or other plant-based diets had a 14-21% lower risk for cardiovascular diseases, depending on how well they adhered to it.
Higher compliance with a healthy eating plan was linked to a 10-20% reduced risk of heart diseases, according to the researchers.
“We found that following a variety of healthy eating patterns confers significant health benefits in reducing the risk of cardiovascular disease,” Dr. Frank B. Hu, the study author, professor, and chair of the Department of Nutrition at Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public School told UPI.
“These heart-healthy diets share common characteristics such as higher consumption of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, legumes and nuts, and lower consumption of red and processed meats and added sugar,” Hu told UPI.
The researchers tracked the heart health of 165,794 women and 43,338 men for nearly 32 years. None of them had any history of heart disease. They evaluated the effects of four different dietary approaches on heart disease risk using several measures of adherence including the following:
The researchers highlighted the fact that there is no magic bullet diet to health and longevity and that there is no such thing called a ‘magic diet solution’. They recommend consuming a variety of healthy foods in flexible ways and follow a healthy eating pattern according to each person’s health needs, food preferences, as well as, cultural traditions.