THE RING OF FIRE is a chain of active volcanoes and earthquake hotspots running along the rim of the Pacific Ocean. Here are some of the most dangerous volcanoes in the Ring of Fire revealed.
The Pacific Ring of Fire boasts the world’s highest concentration of volcanoes, as well as 90 percent of the planet’s earthquakes. The Ring of Fire describes an area where the Pacifies Plate strikes other surrounding plates, triggering frequent seismic and volcanic activity. Volcanologist Heather Handley from Macquarie University in Sydney, Australia, revealed the five most menacing volcanoes in this dangerous part of the world.
In an article for The IB Times, the volcanologists named the infamous Bali volcano as one of the most dangerous on her list.
Mount Agung is an active stratovolcano near the eastern coast of Bali and sits to the west of the volcano Mount Batur.
The volcano frequently reminds the residents of Bali of its presence, rumbling away and spewing smokestacks of ash and debris high into the sky.
The volcano last erupted in June 2019, grounding flights in the region and rocking the Indonesian island with powerful earthquakes.
Indonesia placed again on Dr Handley’s list thanks to the imposing power of Mount Sinabung.
The stratovolcano sits on the Karo plateau of North Sumatra province on the island of Sumatra.
Dr Handley said: “Sinabung volcano sprang to life in 2010 after a 400-year dormant spell, and is currently one of the most active volcanoes in Indonesia.
“It has been pretty much in constant eruption since September 2013, and there are still frequent volcanic earthquakes.
“Eruptions have produced ash plumes soaring as high as 11km (6.8 miles) into the atmosphere, as well as ashfall and lava flows.”
The next volcano on the volcanologists list is the 8,000ft-tall Mount Mayon or Mayon Volcano in the Philippines.
The volcano erupted in January 2018, spewing steam and ash more than 8,000ft into the sky.
According to Dr Handley, Mayon is one of the most active volcanoes in the Philippines with 24 blasts in the last 1,000 years.
When the fiery mountain reared its ugly head in 1814, the eruption killed more than 1,200 people.
The next volcano to make the list is a remote volcanic island northeast of New Guinea.
Unlike the other volcanoes on the list, Kadovar has had a peaceful slumber of hundreds of years.
But in January 2018 belched clouds of gas and steam, forcing the residents of Kadovar Island to evacuate.
Dr Hadley said in 2018: “The impact from the eruption is not just confined to those on Kadovar and nearby islands, with satellite imagery tracking an ash plume from Kadovar travelling over tens of kilometres.
“Identified volcanic risks at Kadovar include further potential explosive activity, landslides, and resulting possible tsunamis.”
Kusatsu-Shirane is an active stratovolcano on Japan’s Honshu island and it last erupted in January 2018.
The eruption killed one person but many more were injured when the blast triggered an avalanche.
According to Japan’s Meteorological Agency, the site of the eruption has not seen any activity for at least 3,000 years.
Dr Hadley said: “Japan has more than 100 active volcanoes, with many monitored 24/7 by Japan’s Meteorological Agency.”
Eruptions have produced ash plumes soaring as high as 11km