Trainee doctors will be offered a £20,000 golden hello if they move to an area with a shortfall of GPs.
The plan is part of a new £1.5billion GP contract which ministers hope will deliver 50million more appointments by 2024.
Family doctors will have to carry out more check-ups on new mothers and make regular visits to care home residents.
Health Secretary Matt Hancock said: ‘I want the NHS to be there for everyone when they need it, and to take pressure off hospitals by expanding primary care.’
The places on the ‘Targeted Enhanced Recruitment Scheme’ will increase from 276 to 500 in 2021, and 800 the year after.
The contract will also see an expansion of social prescribing, such as sending people to dance classes and gardening clubs to help relieve loneliness.