Apple dropped plan for encrypting backups after FBI…

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Apple allegedly abandoned plans to implement encrypted iCloud backups after a complaint from the FBI. 

According to a Reuters report, the bureau ordered Apple not to encrypt files that were uploaded to the iCloud from customers’ iPhones and other devices, as it would hinder their investigations. 

It is claimed this abrupt U-turn at the behest of the US law enforcement agency occurred two years ago and was brushed under the carpet to avoid scrutiny. 

The decision was confirmed to Reuters by six sources close to the matter. 

However, a former Apple employee said it was possible that the project was dropped for other reasons – including the risk customers would be locked out of their data. 

 

More than two years ago, Apple told the FBI that it planned to offer users end-to-end encryption when storing their iPhone data on iCloud, according to one current and three former FBI officials and one current and one former Apple employee.

Under that plan, primarily designed to thwart hackers, Apple would no longer have a key to unlock the encrypted data.

This would take a tool away from the FBI, who can ask the manufacturer to unlock the account of a person they are investigating.  

Representatives from the FBI’s cyber crime unit held private talks with Apple where they objected to the plan, it is claimed. 

The FBI argued it would deny them the most effective means for gaining evidence against iPhone-using suspects, the government sources said.

When Apple spoke privately to the FBI about its work on phone security the following year, the end-to-end encryption plan had been dropped. 

Reuters, who first reported the story, could not determine why exactly Apple dropped the plan.

‘Legal killed it, for reasons you can imagine,’ a former Apple employee said he was told, without any mention of why the plan was dropped or if the FBI was involved.  

That person told Reuters the company did not want to risk being attacked by public officials for protecting criminals, sued for moving previously accessible data out of reach of government agencies or used as an excuse for new legislation against encryption.

‘They decided they weren’t going to poke the bear anymore,’ the person said, referring to Apple’s court battle with the FBI in 2016 over access to an iPhone used by one of the suspects in a mass shooting in San Bernardino, California.

Apple appealed a court order to break into that phone for the FBI.

The government dropped the proceedings when it found a contractor that could break into the phone, a common occurrence in FBI investigations.

One former FBI official, who was not present in talks with Apple, told Reuters: ‘Outside of that public spat over San Bernardino, Apple gets along with the federal government.’

The company has recently taken a hard-line stance in high-profile legal disputes with the government as it refuses to violate its customers’ data. 

Apple was last week publicly asked by US Attorney General William Barr to unlock two iPhones used by a Saudi Air Force officer who shot dead three Americans at a Pensacola, Florida naval base last month.   

US President Donald Trump accused Apple on Twitter of refusing to unlock phones used by ‘killers, drug dealers and other violent criminal elements.’ 

Republican and Democratic senators sounded a similar theme in a December hearing, threatening legislation against end-to-end encryption, citing unrecoverable evidence of crimes against children.

Apple did in fact did turn over the shooter’s iCloud backups in the Pensacola case, and said it rejected the claim that it ‘has not provided substantive assistance.’

An Apple spokesman declined to comment on the company´s handling of the encryption issue or any discussions it has had with the FBI. 

The FBI did not respond to requests for comment on any discussions with Apple.

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